Monday, August 11, 2008

The Large Hadron Collider

As Poneke notes, the Large Hadron Collider is about to start up. Particle physics experiments have come a long way since Rutherford.

For those who are interested in what we hope to find I'd recommend this post from Sean Carroll which rates each possibility with a helpful (but subjective!) likelihood.

This is a very exciting time for physicists. The one piece of our basic understanding of the world (known as the Standard Model) that no one has seen is called the "Higgs boson". It's also the most improvised, number 8 wire part of the theory and it's quite possible that we don't understand the detail of this aspect of the theory.

The LHC will almost certainly observe the Higgs boson (95% in Carroll's rating), or whatever it is that in the real world does the job that the Higgs boson does in the Standard Model. Two possibilities for modifications of the Standard Model that might be required by the new experiments go by the name of "supersymmetry" (60% in Carroll's rating) and technicolor (about 5%). Either of these possibilities, or the discovery of something totally new, would hugely revitalise particle physics theory (oh and experiment, my biases are showing).

The nightmare scenario is the observation of just a Higgs boson that looks exactly like the one in the Standard Model and nothing else. That might make it really difficult to build any new colliders, and significantly demoralise those who, like string theorists, hope to one day develop a really consistent theory of universe.

1 comment: said...

I've Got Einstein on my Mind
by Jim Purdy

Listen to me one and all, Oh dear,
For bad news I bring, The End is Near.

In the UK, the Daily Mail tried to clue us in,
That those mad scientists are going to do us in.

Yes indeed, they have published a news article
Warning us of a runaway sub-atomic particle.

The Large Hadron Collider is to blame,
And our universe will soon end in flame.

Oh man, the fireworks will be spectacular,
It'll be so big, I won't need my binocular.

As the end nears, some may grieve and mourn,
But I'll enjoy the show, just eating my popcorn.

Someday I'll entertain grandkids with the story I'll tell,
Oh. Wait. I guess I won't have any grandkids, oh well.

In college, we laughed at those physics dorks,
Always talking about their tachyons and quarks.

Yes, soon the world will be gone, we'll be no more,
Thanks to guys named Fermi, Heisenberg and Bohr.

So, as I await the end of all mankind,
I've got Albert Einstein on my mind.